With the imminent official launch of the new Citan, Mercedes-Benz can now claim to offer commercial vehicles across the whole range from 1.8 tonnes right up to the heavy haulage Actros. Based on the Renault Kangoo, the German commercial vehicle giant has spent hundreds of millions converting the Kangoo into a vehicle that is allowed to wear the three-pointed star.
Despite the humble origins, Mercedes now claim that the standard consumption of the Citan BlueEFFICIENCY is 65.7 mpg – better than “any other urban delivery van with a combustion engine”.
The Citan which at least looks like a Mercedes-Benz, will come in three lengths and three variants, the Citan panel van, Dualiner and Traveliner.
There is the chrome-plated star situated in the prominent radiator grille with its three perforated fins. The Citan’s distinctive headlamps and the arrow-shaped bonnet with its clearly defined edges are no less striking.
The trapezoidal cool air intake in the bumper is borrowed from the current passenger-car range right up to the new Actros.
Mercedes-Benz engineers have been busy on the French Kangoo production line, introducing systems that ensure the fit of the panels and the remainder of the bodyshell was improved, as were the electrics.
Comprehensive protection against corrosion comes in the shape of galvanized sheet metal panels. Prior to painting, the complete bodywork is coated with cathodic dip priming. A second coat is applied to certain parts of the Citan, for example to the rear axle spring to protect it from stone chipping.
The attention to detail continues as Mercedes-Benz are to send a full-time team of inspectors to France to check every vehicle off the production line.
Similarly, the inside of the Citan has been improved through the used of upgraded upholstery, fabrics and materials that are seen on the Vito.
Vito drivers will also feel at home behind the wheel of the Citan. This is initially due to the familiar star on the impact plate of the three-spoke steering wheel with its lower double-spoke. The a-symmetrical instrument cluster consists of a speed display, a rev counter and displays for the coolant temperature and fuel level.
A folding seat is available in conjunction with the optional adjustable grille partition on the co-driver’s side of the panel van. A double co-driver’s seat is in the preparation stage.
The stowage compartments in the doors can hold 1.5 l bottles, for example. The same applies to the optional centre armrest with a stowage compartment.
As the economic diesel engines of the Citan only produce minimal heat, all Citan CDI vehicles are equipped with an electric heater booster as standard. It switches on automatically, depending on the temperature of the coolant or the setting of the rotary switch for the temperature.
A hot air duct for the rear compartment is available as special equipment for the Dualiner and Traveliner. The Citan is also available with air-conditioning or Tempmatic, the semi-automatic air-conditioning system.
Mercedes-Benz are labelling the Citan’s turbodiesel direct-injection the OM 607. At 1.5 litres, the diesel engine comes in three different power outputs:
Citan 108 CDI, 75 hp
Citan 109 CDI, 90 hp
Citan 111 CDI, 110 hp
The 1.2 litre turbocharged petrol engine named the M200.71 is used in the Citan 112 with an output of 114 hp.
The Citan 108 CDI and 109 CDI are starting to roll off the production line; the Citan 111 CDI and Citan 112 variants will round off the range in the summer of next year.
Top-quality mountings in conjunction with common-rail injection ensure a smooth ride with the compact diesel engines. The tooth belt for driving the camshaft has a life expectancy of 150,000 miles while the maintenance intervals are extremely high at 25,000 miles.
The low fuel consumption of the petrol engine is further reduced by the oil pump. It operates, as necessary, with two pressure levels. BlueEFFICIENCY technology with an ECO start/stop function is standard in the petrol engine. It automatically switches off the engine in standby phases. This occurs when the transmission is in neutral, when the clutch is not depressed and speed is below 2.5 mph.
For the two lower-output diesel engine variants 90/110 hp, power transmission is handled by a five-speed manual transmission. The petrol engine and the high-power diesel both use a six-speed manual transmission. In all cases the driver shifts gears using an easy-to-reach joystick-type gear lever on the centre console.
The combined fuel consumption of the Citan 108 CDI BlueEFFICIENCY and Citan 109 CDI BlueEFFICIENCY is only 65.7 mpg: the Citan 108 CDI
BlueEFFICIENCY and the 109 CDI BlueEFFICIENCY emit only 112 g/km CO2. This low fuel consumption and emissions values are the result of the work of Mercedes-Benz. This includes not only the drive train, but also the electric power steering featured as standard, the controlled oil pump and the battery management system. Details such as the flat-blade windscreen wipers and the newly shaped exterior mirror housings clearly demonstrate the optimisation of the vehicle’s aerodynamics.
The BlueEFFICIENCY package comes as standard for the petrol engine and is also optionally available for the diesel engines. It reduces the already favourable fuel consumption values by up to 5.5mpg to 65.7 mpg. BlueEFFICIENCY includes, among other things, the ECO start/stop function as well as battery and alternator management. Thanks to the alternator management, braking energy can be recovered. This reduces the power that the alternator must generate and in turn further reduces fuel consumption. The heart of battery management is a sensor which continuously determines data such as current ratings, voltage and temperature of the vehicle’s battery. These values help to ensure efficient generation, intelligent distribution and optimised storage of energy.
The vehicle, depending on the variant, also has rolling-resistance optimised tyres that reduce fuel consumption yet further. These tyres in the 195/65 R 15 size are included in the scope of the BlueEFFICIENCY package for variants with a payload capacity of up to 650 kg.
The suspension, dampers and stabilisers are improvements from the Kangoo. Short springs, a high spring rate and rigid damping on the front and rear axles contribute towards dynamic driving characteristics, prevent pitching vibrations and give the Citan a sporty appearance. Stabilisers on the front and rear axles reduce the roll angle in corners. The suspension on the Citan Long panel van as well as the Traveliner is lowered by about 15 mm at the front and rear axles when driving under normal load.
The Citan has ABS anti-lock braking system, EBV electronic brake force distribution, hydraulic Brake Assist and Start-off Assist as standard for all models.
The Citan gets the electronic stability program ADAPTIVE ESP as standard for all models.
This system combines the function of the ABS anti-lock braking system, the EBV electronic brake force distribution, the EBR engine friction torque control, the VDC (Vehicle Dynamic Control) system that regulates over and understeer as well as the TCS traction control system. It also covers the ASR acceleration skid control as well as drive and braking torque control and numerous associated sub-functions.
Standard equipment for all versions of the Citan includes daytime running lamps and additional convex fields in both exterior mirrors. The activation of hazard warning lamps after a critical braking situation is also standard.
The panel van comes in three lengths from 3.94 m (Citan Compact) to 4.32 m (Long) to 4.71 m (Extra Long).
The load compartment of the panel van measures 1.36 m, 1.75 m or 2.13 m long (Citan Compact, Long, Extra Long). The corresponding volumes are 2.4 m³, 3.1 m³ or 3.8 m³. Depending on the length and weight variant, the payload is about 500 kg (Citan Compact), 650 kg (Long) or 800 kg (Extra Long).
Customers can choose between one or two sliding doors. The standard asymmetric rear doors can be open up to either 90 degrees or 180 degrees and windows are available if required.
The Citan panel van in the Compact and Long versions with a tailgate. It opens to an angle of a little over 90 degrees and has a window with a rear window wiper as standard. As an option the load compartment can be expanded by means of roof rails or the optional ladder flap for the panel van.
The variable five-seater Citan Dualiner is based on the Extra Long variant and thus has a large load compartment of 2.4 m³ even with the maximum seating with a folding rear bench seat, an optional separator grille closing off the load compartment and two glazed sliding doors.
Two variants of the folding bench seat are available. One or two thirds of the bench seat can be folded away in the standard version. The interior layout can be changed to suit two, three, four or five seats.
The Citan Traveliner is the third basic version. It is a five-seater with a folding rear bench seat and is based on the Long variant. The sidewalls of the Citan Traveliner are completely glazed. The standard version also features a glazed tailgate with a wiper and washer system. The inner side of the tailgate is panelled with hard-wearing plastic.